Adolf GRÜNBAUM, Departments of Philosophy and Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. B.A. with Highest Distinction in Philosophy of Mathematics from Connecticut Wesleyan University, M.S. in Physics from Yale, and Ph.D. in Philosophy from Yale. Adolf Grünbaum's writings deal with the philosophy of physics, the theory of scientific rationality, and the philosophy of psychiatry. His offices include the presidency of the American Philosophical Association (Eastern Division), and the Philosophy of Science Association (two terms). He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences, and a Laureate of the International Academy of Humanism. In 1985, he delivered the Gifford Lectures in Scotland as well as the Werner Heisenberg Lecture to the Bavarian Academy of Sciences in Munich. He is the recipient of a 1985 "Senior U.S. Scientist" Humboldt Prize, and of a 1989 "Fregene Prize"(Rome, Italy). In 1989, he received the first-ever "Master Scholar and Professor Award" from the President of the University of Pittsburgh. And in May 1990, Yale University awarded him the Wilbur Lucius Cross Medal for outstanding achievement. Currently, he is the Andrew Mellon Professor of Philosophy, Research Professor of Psychiatry, and Chairman of the Center for Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh. In 1983, a Festschrift for him, edited by R.S. Cohen & L. Laudan, appeared under the title Physics, Philosophy and Psychoanalysis. Publications: "The Placebo Concept in Medicine and Psychiatry"; abstract: The standard technical vocabulary used to define placebo therapies and experimental placebo controls in medicine and psychiatry is both confusing and obscure. To achieve conceptual clarity in the theory of placebogenic phenomena, this paper offers a rigorous articulation of the placebo notion, a lucid new terminology that obviates the defects intrinsic to the traditional locutions employed in the placebo literature, and a substantial revamping of A.K. Shapiro's influential prior definition of "placebo" in Shepherd, M. and Sartorius, N. eds. Non Specific Aspects of Treatment. Toronto, Lewiston, New York, Bern, Stuttgart: Hans Huber Publishers, 1989, pp.7-38; Précis of The Foundations of Psychoanalysis: A Philosophical Critique, and Author's Response (to 39 reviews of Foundations), "Is Freud's Theory Well-Founded?" in Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Vol. 9, No.2 (June 1986), pp. 217-284; an Italian translation, with an Introduction by Marcello Pera, entitled Psicoanalisi: Obiezioni E Riposte was published in 1988 as a paperback by Armando Editore, Rome Italy; A German translation, together with some other essays, will be published by Springer Verlag as Kritische Betrachtungen zu den Grundlagen der Psychoanalyse; the Précis portion of the American original was reprinted in P. Clark & C. Wright (eds.), Mind, Psychoanalysis and Science. Oxford and New York: Basil Blackwell, 1988. This Précis is also being reprinted in J.H. Ghannam (ed.), The Scientific Foundations of Psychoanalysis. New York: The Guilford Press; "Are Hidden Motives in Psychoanalysis Reasons But Not Causes of Human Conduct?" in S.B. Messer, L.A. Sass & R.L. Woolfolk (eds.), Hermeneutics and Psychological Theory: Interpretive Perspectives on Personality, Psychotherapy and Psychopathology. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1988, pp.149-167, and "Rejoinder to Bernstein,"pp.175-181; "Psychoanalysis and Theism," The Monist, vol. 70, No. 2,(April 1987), pp.152-192; "The Psychoanalytic Enterprise in Scientific Perspective," forthcoming in C.W. Savage (ed.), Scientific Theories, Vol. 14 in the Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science series. University of Minnesota Press, 1990. An Italian translation of an earlier version of this paper entitled'L'Impresa Psicoanalitica: Una Valtazione' appeared in Nuova Civilta Delle Macchine IV- nn.3/4(15/16) 1986, pp.123-130. A German translation will appear in Vienna; "The Role of the Case Study Method in the Foundation of Psychoanalysis," in H. Vetter & L. Nagl (eds.), Die Philosophen und Freud, Vol.3 of Wiener Reihe, Themen der Philosophie. Vienna: R. Oldenburg Verlag, 1988, pp.134-174; "The Degeneration of Popper's Theory of Demarcation," in I.C. Jarvie & F. D'Agostino (eds.) Freedom and Rationality, Festschrift for John Watkins, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Boston and Dordrecht: Reidel, 1989, pp.141-161; "Why Thematic Kinships Between Events Do NOT Attest Their Causal Linkage," in J.R. Brown & J. Mittelstrass (eds.). An Intimate Relation: Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, a Festschrift for Robert E. Butts. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Boston: Reidel, 1989, pp.477-493. An Italian translation appeared in the Italian journal IRIDE, Vol. 1, No. 2 (1989),pp.5-21; "Meaning Connections and Causal Connections in the Human Sciences: The Poverty of Hermeneutic Philosophy," to appear in the Jl. of the American Psychoanalytic Assn., Vol 38(No.3),September 1990; "The Pseudo-Problem of Creation in Physical Cosmology" in Philosophy of Science vol.56, no.3, Sept. 1989, pp.373-394, abtract found in that publication: According to some cosmologists, the big bang cosmology and even the (now largely defunct) steady-state theory pose a scientifically insoluable problem of matter-energy creation. But I argue that the genuine problem of the origin of matter-energy or of the universe has been fallaciously transmuted into the pseudo-problem of creation by an external cause. A fortiori, it emerges that the initial "true" and "false" vacuum states of quantum cosmology do not vindicate biblical divine creation ex nihilo at all;" also published in J. Leslie, (ed.), Physical Cosmology and Philosophy, New York: Macmillan, 1990, pp.92-112, Free Inquiry vol.9, No.4, 1989,pp.48-57, Epistemologia (Italy), vol.12, 1989, pp.3-32; a sequel to the above paper, "Pseudo-Creation of the Big Bang," Nature vol.344, No.6269, April, 1990,pp.821-822.